References/Learning Tools



Male Victims of Human Trafficking In Austria, Men’s Health Centre MEN, Social Medicine Centre South, written by Mag. Markus Zingerle and Mag. Dzhamalis Alionis, A Study on behalf of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection in the framework of the Third National Action Plan on Combating Human Trafficking, 2012-1014

Report of the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, UN  (reference A/HRC/23/48)

Trafficking in Human Beings, Eurostat, 2013 Edition


Reliance on Migrant Labour: Inevitability and Policy Choice, by Bridget Anderson and Martin Ruhs, The Policy Press, ISSN 1759-8273    journal of poverty and social justice

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, UNODC

Leaving the Past Behind? When Trafficking Victims Decline Assistance.

A Fuller Picture. Addressing Trafficking-Related Assistance Needs and Socio-Economic Vulnerabilities

Out of Sight? Approaches and Challenges in the Identification of Trafficked Persons

No Place Like Home? Challenges in Family Reintegration After Trafficking

Fafo/NEXUS Institute Projects, Authors Anette Brunovskis and Rebecca Surtees, Fafo and the NEXUS Institute

Special Issue: Where’s the Accountability, Anti-Trafficking Review, GAATW

IPEC Action Against Child Labour 2010-2011: Progress and future priorities, ILO.–en/index.htm

ILO 2012 Global Estimate on Forced Labour – Results and Methodology, ILO.

IOM 2011 Case Data on Human Trafficking: Global Figures and Trends, IOM.

Smuggling and Trafficking: Rights and Intersections, GAATW.

Human Trafficking: Germany Only Average When It Comes To Protecting Victims Seo-Young Cho, DIW-Berlin, Germany


Psychosocial care for women in shelter homes, UNODC.

Experiences of Forced Labour Among Chinese Migrant Workers, Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Human Trafficking: Exploring the International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities, Edited by John Winterdyk, Benjamin Perrin, and Philip Reichel, CRC Press

Abused Domestic Workers in Europe. The case of au pairs, Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, European Parliament.

Trafficking in Persons Report 2011, U.S. Department of State.


Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide, by Nicholas Kristof and Cheryl WuDunn

Study on the Assessment of the Extent of Different Types of THB in EU Countries, ICMPD.


Strategies Against Human Trafficking: The Role of the Security Sector, by Cornelius Friesendorf (Edit), Center for Democratic Control of Armed Forces.

A Summary of Challenges on Addressing Human Trafficking for Labour Expoitation in the Agricultural Sector in the OSCE Region, 3rd Occasional Paper Series, OSCE.

Listening to Victims: Experiences of Identification, Return and Assistance in South-Eastern Europe, ICMPD.



Leaving the Past Behind? When Trafficking Victims Decline Assistance, Fafo/NEXUS Institute, Authors Anette Brunovskis and Rebecca Surtees, Fafo and the NEXUS Institute


18 December
2002 European Conference on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
Anti-Slavery International
Child Rights Information Network (CRIN)
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW)
Council of the European Union
European Anti-trafficking Legislation
European Commission  – Directorate-General for Home Affairs
European Commission
European Parliament
European Parliament FEMM Committee  (Women’s Rights and Gender Equality)
European Parliament LIBE Committee  (Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs)
European Police College (CEPOL)
European Police Office (Europol)
European Roma Rights Center
European Union Judicial Cooperation Unit (Eurojust)
Global Alliance against Trafficking in Women (GAATW)
Global Rights
Human Rights Watch
International Catholic Migration Commission
International Human Rights Law Group
International Labour Organization  (ILO)–en/index.htm
International women’s organizations working against trafficking
La Strada International
Migrants Rights International
Mr. A de Graaf Foundation
Nexus Institute
Polaris Project
Protection Project, John Hopkins University
Save the Children
Stop Child Trafficking
Stop Child Trafficking, TdH
Stop Violence Against Women Project, University of Minnesota
Stop-Trafficking Website
Task Force to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Tourism
Terre des homes
The UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
Toolkit by Government of the UK
United Nation Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations Dag Hammarskjold Library
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United States Department of Health and Human Services
United States Department of Justice
United States Department of State
Vital Voices
Web Resources for Combating Human Trafficking
Women Human Rights Resources, University of Toronto
World Health Organization
United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (UNDAW)
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UNWOMEN)
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
Secretariat – Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and ODIHR- Anti-trafficking Unit
Council of Europe and Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, GRETA
Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) The Task Force against Trafficking in Human Beings with focus on adults and The Expert Group for Cooperation on Children at Risk
The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
International Organisation for Migration (IOM)
United Nations Joint Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
United Nations Interregional Crime Research Institute (UNICRI)
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
Nordic Council of Ministers


European Commission  – Directorate-General for Home Affairs (See Member States, than select country)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (See Country Profiles)


RIGHTS WORK: Addressing human trafficking and forced labour through independent research and debate



Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Forced Labour: Contemporary Slavery in UK

CNN Freedom Project Ending Modern-Day Slavery (Media Library)

RICE University, Humanities Research Center – 2012-2013 Rice Seminar: “Human Trafficking – Past and Present: Crossing Disciplines, Crossing Borders”, USA  

STANFORD University, Human Trafficking, Program on Human Rights Project, USA

3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index
* Among the references used to build this section: websites, such as EC-DG Justice and Home Affairs, Google, OSCE, and others.

THE SMILE OF THE CHILD, Transnational Project VICTOR  “Victims of Child Trafficking – Our Responsibility”, 2013-2015, EC Funded.  Contact:,


Upcoming Event: Dialogue Forum – Crossing the Line Tackling Health Aspects & Implications of Human Trafficking, Under the Auspices of the Styrian Governor Landeshauptmann Franz Voves, Bad Radkersburg*, Stadtgrabenstrasse 33, 6 December 2013, 10 a.m.-5 p.m

TIP Agenda (draft) & Bios Bad Radkersburg Zollamt Health 6 December 2013-1 mit Logos

Event: Round Table Preventing & Combating Trafficking for Labour Exploitation – From Theory to Practice Tackling the Missing Components, Under the Auspices of the Austrian Federal Minister for Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, Federal Ministry for Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, Marmorsaal, Stubenring 1, Vienna, 20 September 2013, 10.00 – 17.00

TIP Agenda (draft) RT Labor exploitation 20 September 2013

Event: Join Forces Against Human Trafficking, Panel on “Cyber Trafficking and Mail-order Brides”, 05. October 2012, Diplomatic Academy Vienna, Austria. Organized by Task Force on Combating Human Trafficking, established by the Austrian Federal Government, coordinated by the Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs on the occasion of the EU-Anti-Trafficking-Day

Introduction by Nadja Schuster | Alexandra Toth | VIDC – Vienna Institute; Moderation by Sybille Hamann and Speakers – Ass.-Prof. Dr. Athanassia Sykiotou | Cyber Trafficking and Yulia Zabyelina | Mail-order Brides.

Regional Implementation Initiative* Guidelines for Preventing, Identifying and Combating Cases of Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation developed by Mike Dottridge. First presented at Round Table on Labour Exploitation in Vienna on 28 September 2012.

HT Guidelines for responding to cases of trafficking for labour exploitation Oct 2012

Round Table – From Theory to Practice: Human Trafficking for Labor Exploitation
Guidance on Methods of Evidence Collection and Avenues of Justice Good & Bad Practices. Under the Auspices of the Austrian Minister for Labor, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, Federal Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection. Marmorsaal, Stubenring 1, Vienna, 28 September 2012 (9.30 – 17.00), oiip.

THB Event: Trafficking and involuntary prostitution using the example of Nigeria – Austria. An event organized by VIDC in cooperation with the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna – November, 22 2012 

-Host: Nadja Schuster | VIDC Vienna Institute

-Introduction: Birgit Sauer | University of Vienna

-Nigerian realities: Grace Osakue | GPI

Panel discussion: Evelyn Probst | LEFÖ IBF, Dr. Helga Konrad | former OSCE – Special Representative on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, Elisabeth Tichy-Fisslberger | BMeiA, National Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, Birgit Sauer, grace Osakue

Reference to Research

The Role of Technology in Human Trafficking (Winners of 2012 Microsoft Research Grant):

  • Dr. Nicole Bryan,Dr. Ross Malaga, and Dr. Sasha Poucki of Montclair State University and Dr. Rachel Swaner of the Center for Court Innovation,for research on how networked technologies, including the Internet, mobile phones, and social media, are used by “johns” to procure children for sexual purposes;
  • Dr. Susan McIntyre of Calgary, Alberta; Dr. Dawne Clark of Mount Royal University; and Norm Lewis, research assistant at Mount Royal University, for research on the role of technology in the recruiting, buying, and selling of victims in the sex trafficking industry.
  • Professor Mary G. Leary of the Catholic University of America, for a comprehensive assessment of judicial opinions on child sex trafficking issued over the last 10 years.
  • Dr. Kimberly Mitchell of the University of New Hampshire Crimes Against Children Research Center,for research on technology’s role in facilitating child sex trafficking and understanding the benefits and obstacles for law enforcement.
  • Dr. Jennifer Musto of Rice University, for research on how law enforcement takes advantage of the benefits—and overcomes the obstacles—of using technology to combat the trafficking of children for commercial sexual exploitation.
  • Dr. Anna W. Shavers,Dr. Dwayne Ball, Professor Matt Waite,Professor Sriyani Tidball, and Dr. David Keck of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, for research into identifying the clandestine language that is used in web advertising of child sex trafficking and conceptualizing intelligent software to identify such online advertisements.

For more information on future research efforts email message to Microsoft Research Social Media HT that includes: name and contact information, affiliation, and a one-paragraph description of your research as it relates to human trafficking.

Reference to Training Materials


Research Template for Collecting and Analysing Data on the Access of Trafficked Persons to Compensation, COMPACT – European Action for Compensation for Trafficked Persons, developed by Angelika Kartusch, Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme, EC-DG Home Affairs.

The RighT Guide: A Tool to Assess the Human Rights Impact of Anti-Trafficking Laws and Policies, Marjan Wijers – Joint Project “Aim for Human Rights”, EC Daphne Programme.

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking Facilitator Guide, ILO

Basic training manual on investigating and prosecuting the smuggling of migrants. Module1: Concepts and categories of the smuggling of migrants and related conduct, UNODC

Training Modules on Migration and Health for Health Professionals, IOM


Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation. Textbook 2: Action against child trafficking at policy and outreach levels, UNICEF

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation. Textbook 3: Matters of process, UNICEF

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation. Exercise book, UNICEF/ILO

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation. Facilitators’ Guide, UNICEF

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation. Textbook 1: Understanding child trafficking, UNICEF

Court Investigations into Human Trafficking Criminal Cases. Manual, IOM

Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Providers, IOM

Anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners. Module 2: Indicators of trafficking in persons, UNODC

Anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners. Module 8: Interviewing victims of trafficking in persons who are potential witnesses, UNODC

Anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners. Module 9: Interviewing child victims of trafficking in persons, UNODC


Trafficking in human beings. Best practice guidance manual for investigators. Second Edition, INTERPOL

Manual for Training Police On Anti Human Trafficking (UNODC Regional Office for South Asia)

Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons, UNODC

Training Manual for Prosecutors on Confronting Human Trafficking (UNODC Regional Office for South Asia)

Recommendations on Identification and Referral to Services of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings, Council of Europe


The IOM Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking, IOM


Resource Book for Law Enforcement Officers on Good Practices in Combating Child Trafficking, IOM

Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe, UNICEF

Anti-Trafficking Training Material for Judges and Prosecutors in EU Member States and Accession and Candidate Countries, ICMPD

Anti-Trafficking Training for Frontline Law Enforcement Officers. Background Reader, ICMPD

Assistance for the Implementation of the ECOWAS Plan of Action against Trafficking in Persons. Training Manual, ECOWAS

Combating the Trafficking in Children for Sexual Purposes. A Training Guide, ECPAT



The Mental Health Aspects of Trafficking in Human Beings – Training Manual, IOM

Using Drama for Inter-professional Co-operation in Europe practical example: Combining Forces against Human Trafficking, OSCE/ODIHR

National Referral Mechanisms. Joining Efforts to Protect the Rights of Trafficked Persons. A Practical Handbook, OSCE/ODIHR


WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Interviewing Trafficked Women, WHO