Here we publish various contributions from different authors who deal with our main topics in order to deepen and critically examine the issues.
Philipp Schwertmann :
The New EU Strategy on Voluntary Return and Reintegration: https://ec.europa.eu
Vassilis Kerasiotis: Chowdury and Others v. Greece:
The applicants – 42 Bangladeshi nationals – were recruited in Athens and other parts of Greece between the end of 2012 and early 2013, without a Greek work permit, to work at the main strawberry farm in Manolada. Their employers failed to pay the applicants’ wages and obliged them to work in difficult physical conditions under the supervision of armed guards. The applicants alleged that they had been subjected to forced or compulsory labour. They further submitted that the State was under an obligation to prevent their being subjected to human trafficking, to adopt preventive measures for that purpose and to punish the employers. The Court held that there had been a violation of Article 4 § 2 (prohibition of forced labour) of the Convention, finding that the applicants had not received effective protection from the Greek State. The Court noted, in particular, that the applicants’ situation was one of human trafficking and forced labour, and specified that exploitation through labour was one aspect of trafficking in human beings. The Court also found that the State had failed in its obligations to prevent the situation of human trafficking, to protect the victims, to conduct an effective investigation into the offences committed and to punish those responsible for the trafficking.
Read Full Case Law:
Publication Date:Friday, 9 June, 2017
Roxane Ouadghiri Hassani: CCEM (Comité contre l’Ésclavage Moderne)
Ryszard Piotrowicz: Recent blogs:
Whose evidence counts in identifying trafficked people:
Non-punishment of trafficked people:
Silvia Lamonaca, HEAD OF PROGRAMMES, www.payoke.be
EU-funded project “Life Beyond the Shelter -Libes”– aimed at enhancing long-term support for third-country national trafficking survivors as they leave residential care and move into independent living
- A World I Can Trust” The needs of third-country national victims of trafficking transitioning from shelter to independent living, 2020 EN FR NL DE IT ES
- Transition housing for trafficked persons: a case study about the Libes pilot in Antwerp- Master’s thesis by Lien de Leeuw, University of Antwerp, 2021 EN
TOOLS FOR PRACTITIONERS
- Independent living skills training handbook Modules EN Annexes EN
- Setting up and operating a buddy program for survivors of human trafficking: Ebook: DE EN IT
EU-funded project “Inclusive Holistic carE for Refugee and migrant victims of sexual violation in Belgium, Ireland and UK”, INHeRE, aimed is to improve holistic care for migrants, applicants of international protection and trafficked persons who have been sexually victimized.
Safe reporting for migrant victims of sexual violence: Mapping policies in Belgium, Ireland, and the UK EN
TOOLS FOR PRACTITIONERS
- Good practice tool for police hearings with migrant, applicant for international protection,
refugee (MAR), trafficked, and LGBT+ victims of sexual violence EN NL
- Triage Tool for identification, care and referral of victims of sexual violence at European asylum reception and accommodation initiatives EN NL FR IT
Apropos EXPERT TALKS…
Peter von Bethlenfalvy, Executive Director CEIPA
Olivier Onidi, EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator, Deputy Director General, DG Migration and Home Affairs
Presentation of the ‚new’ EU Strategy on Combatting Trafficking in Human Beings 2021-2025:
The Strategy (click to open)
Factsheet (click to open)
Communication (click to open)
Suzanne Hoff, International Coordinator, La Strada International
Mike Dottridge, Independent Expert and Consultant, UK
Maria Grazia Giammarinaro: Are our laws cut out for addressing systemic exploitation?
As a matter of political tactics, implementation of existing legislation should be re-oriented according to human rights. But in terms of strategic thinking, we need to stop focusing on criminal law and adopt a social justice approach.
Mike Dottridge: The Palermo Protocols at 20: a missed opportunity for ending trafficking
Nobody at the top has been interested in tackling the real causes of exploitation.
Helmut Sax: INTERVIEW: Some observations on the anti-trafficking field
Two decades since Palermo and we are still missing the wood of exploitation and injustice for the trees of anti-trafficking.
Helga Konrad: Is human trafficking truly an intractable problem?
Two decades after the Palermo Protocol came into force, is extreme exploitation un-solvable?
IOM Austria in the framework of ACT.NOW Working Group ‘Exploitation and Human Trafficking’
Peter von Bethlenfalvy
Executive Director, CEIPA Center for European and International Policy Action, Belgium, former Chief of IOM Missions in Brussels, Rome, Berlin, Vienna
KOK, German NGO Network against Trafficking in Human Beings
NGO data tool on human trafficking “Defining the gap: Data collection on Trafficking in Human Beings and Exploitation in Germany – the civil society approach by the KOK”. It is designed and implemented by the KOK, the German network of anti-trafficking NGOs. Data protection and the right to privacy of victims of trafficking was the core consideration to create the NGO data tool. It documents the access to justice of victims of trafficking and the work of civil society in Germany.
The data tool is based on following principles:
1. Data collection and hegemony Data collection is not carried out in a non-intimidatory space. Data collection is not apolitical. Privacy by design and the right of victims to withdraw their consent to the collection of data any time is an integral part of the architecture of the data tool. No individual can be tracked.
2. Democratisation of data Data subjects and NGO counselling centres retain control over their data entered. This avoids hierarchy between data delivery and data evaluation. Also, the KOK does not use global commercial data processing system. Instead, the IT systems and data fields were elaborated specifically upon the demands of the critical civil society organisations in a long term consultation process.
3. Data collection and human rights monitoring Data collection systems are an integral part of the anti-trafficking responses and need to be monitored against human rights violations on a regular basis. More on the design, the operation of the first NGO German anti-trafficking data collection tool and its results you can find in the attached report and on the KOK website: https://www.kok-gegen-menschenhandel.de/en/news
Stefano Volpicelli & Teresa Albano
Stefano Volpicelli, Sociologist specialised in health-related matters. Expert in capacity-building interventions on assistance and protection of vulnerable people, as well as in social research. He designed and implemented training programs focussing on assistance and protection schemes for vulnerable migrants in the framework of International Organisations and NGOs. He worked as a consultant of the Maltese government.
Teresa Albano, Independent Expert
Patrick Hauvuy & Federica Marengo
Patrick Hauvuy, is the director of a specific department of association ALC in Nice gathering a specialized social service working on identification, assistance and protection of victims of trafficking, especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation, and a shelter for women victims of violence and victims of trafficking. In 2001, he created the French National Network for assisting and protecting victims of human trafficking.
Federica Marengo, is the coordinator of the French National Network for assisting and protecting victims of human trafficking, Dispositif National Ac.Sé.
La Strada International
An European NGO Platform against trafficking in human beings, comprising 26 NGO members and 2 Associate members in 23 European countries. The overall aim of LSI is to prevent trafficking in human beings and exploitation in Europe and to protect the rights of trafficked and exploited persons and ensuring their access to justice.
Maria Grazia Giammarinaro
UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children 2014-2020
The Webinar, which was the last event held in her capacity as UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons especially Women and Children, aimed to contribute to the discussion marking the 20th anniversary of the Palermo Protocol through an open and frank debate involving Civil Society Organisations and Academia, where shortcomings and inconsistencies in the international framework and its implementation had been analysed from a human rights-based point of view and innovative ideas for implementation and possibly for new international regulations had been explored by offering a vision of a genuinely human rights-based anti-trafficking action. ‘Such a vision should build on constructive and simultaneously open criticism regarding the general approach characterising the adoption and the implementation of the Palermo Protocol and include a vision of a possible new human rights-based international instrument’.
Jonathan Mendel & Kiril Sharapov
Kiril Sharapov is Associate Professor of Applied Social Sciences at Edinburgh Napier University. In his research capacity, he is also affiliated with the Centre for Policy Studies at Central European University (Hungary). PhD in Politics from the University of Glasgow and an MA in Human Rights from the Central European University. In 2015 – 2016, he was Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Bedfordshire, Programme Director of the Professional Doctorate in Children and Young People’s Service, associated member of the International Centre: Researching Child Sexual Exploitation and Human Trafficking, and a full member of the Institute of Applied Social Research. His research ares comprise migration and mobility with a particular focus on human rights, trafficking in human beings and ‘modern slavery’, forced migration, free and unfree labour – subjectivity, politics and neoliberalism – environmental degradation and social divisions.
Evelyn Probst / Julia Planitzer
Evelyn Probst is coordinator of LEFÖ – Intervention Center for Trafficked Women, Vienna/Austria and one of the co-founders of the COMP.ACT EUROPE network. She is a psychologist and trainer on the subject of trafficking in women and trafficking of different groups of victims
Julia Planitzer, senior researcher at the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights focusing on the fields of trafficking in human beings and women’s rights. Member of GRETA. In her book ‘Trafficking in Human Beings and Human Rights – The Role of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings’ (2014) she examines the application of a rights-based approach in measures against trafficking in human beings. Current research encompasses business and human rights challenges for cross-border litigation in the EU and corporate liability regarding trafficking in human beings for labour exploitation and access to remedy. As visiting researcher at UC Berkeley in 2015 she conducted research on transparency in supply chains and their potential to prevent trafficking in human beings.
Sociologist and expert for organizations such as UNODC, EU, UNICEF. He has different collaborations with the University of Harvard. His main focus is on migration, human trafficking, trafficking in children. In 2016 he published the report ‘Trafficking among refugees’ for Caritas. For UNICEF, he was coordinating in the study “Neither safe , nor sound, a sociological survey on unaccompanied children in the Calais region”. He is the author of several publications including ‘Fantasies and Realities Fuelling Child trafficking in Europe’, 2016, he won the Caritas Institute of France prize for this research. His last book is “les fantômes de l’Europe”. He is the co-fondator of the NGO Koutcha (to protect children victims of THB). He’s also an judiciary expert.
His work is available on his blog opeyroux.blogspot.fr – https://www.cairn.info/revue-hommes-et-migrations-2020-1-page-35.htm – https://www.arte.tv/fr/videos/080152-000-A/trafics-d-enfants/
Independent Expert & Consultant on human rights issues, based in the United Kingdom. He worked for two human rights non-governmental organizations from 1977 until 2002 (Amnesty International, where his work focused on Africa, and Anti-Slavery International, where he was director from 1996 to 2002). Since 1995, he has focused on various forms of exploitation, how to protect the adults and children involved and how to prevent exploitation from occurring in the first place. Since 2002, he has worked independently, undertaking evaluations and institutional learning exercises for organizations that include the ILO and UNICEF, NGOs such as the coalition ‘Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women’ and several governmental and private donors. He has visited Vietnam twice (in 2005 and 2011) to evaluate anti-trafficking programmes, but has also assessed other initiatives intended to reduce trafficking from Vietnam or protect Vietnamese who have been trafficked, both adults and adolescents.
If you are interested in the drawings and paintings below, painted by Mike Dottridge himself, and wish to get to know more about the scenes and opportunities underlying the images, you are kindly invited to contact MIKE DOTTRIDGE at this E-Mail adress: firstname.lastname@example.org More drawings and paintings will also be available in due course at the PlatformNET.